Merhaba değerli okurlarım;
Bu yazımı büyük bir heyecan ve hevesle yazıyorum.
Türkiye’nin Sayısal Televizyon yolculuğu ismini verdigim 120 sayfalık ilk kitabımın ilk sürümünü asağıdaki bağlantıdan indirebilirsiniz:
Türkiye’nin Sayısal Televizyon Yolculuğu, 2010’dan bugüne.
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Kitabin icindekiler kısmını aşağıda aynen paylaşıyorum:
Okumaya devam et İlk e-kitabım çıktı : Türkiye’nin Sayısal Televizyon yolculuğu
Helen Jameson who is a freelance journalist and writer (www.spacescript.co.uk) asked me some questions about the TV industry in Turkey for an article for the Global SatShow event. Herebelow you can see her questions and my answers.
– What are the main trends that are evident in the Turkish broadcast market at the moment? Are people watching on mobile devices?
Let’s summarize the main trends in 4 pillars:
- OTT consumption is on the rise in Turkey like the rest of the world. In Turkey, number of DSL subscribers is 7,5 million while there are 1,8 million fiber broadband users. (There are around 20 million housholds in Turkey.) On the other hand, mobile broadband penetration ratio is 62 percent. Generally speaking with its young and dynamic population Turkish people are quite engaged on OTT TV services. Also one other major shift in the industry is all the major Pay-TV operators are offering OTT extension to their legacy DTH or cable type of services. It’s fair to say that in Turkey OTT migration is more or less completed on Pay-TV operators side. OTT content watching on YouTube is increasing dramatically. Netflix is also launched last year with localization support but didn’t create much traction mostly due to the limited content depth.
- On the other hand, the popularity of Turkish Drama series is continuing. Each season, a few tens of new series are introduced to the market while only a number of them continue till the end of the season. The export of Turkish dramas to foreign countries, especially to EMEA region is booming. Turkey is number 2 exporter of local content following the USA.
- Digiturk, Turkey’s greatest Pay-TV operator with more than 3 million subscribers acquired digital rights of Turkish football league for another 4 years in the expense of 500 Million USD. Historically Digiturk owns the rights since 2000. Also Digiturk has been acquired by Qatar’s Bein Group.
- Analog switch off is still not finalized and the plan for the Digital Switchover process is still unclear.
– How is linear TV in the living room faring? Is this still important to Turkish viewers?
Absolutely! VOD consumption on big TV screen is still niche in Turkey. Turkey is clearly a satellite country with more than 70% of households are receiving TV broadcast via satellite. There are more than 10 million FTA satellite receivers installad and people are watching mostly Live TV.
– What about content? Is content very regional or is it very much a mixture of content demand and which other countries want this content?
Similar to most of the other countries, local content is key in Turkey. Although millions of people are watching on-demand US series like “Game of Thrones” , “Westworld” etc. through illegal download or Netflix type of legal OTT services, the most watched Live TV content is either Turkish dramas or Survivor type of local shows.
– Will the Turkish broadcast industry need to make upgrades to technology and services to meet demand in the country? – Is satellite an important means of delivery of Pay TV services?
- Yes, there are still SD decoders and the majority of the FTA channels broadcasted are in SD resolution. There are only a few 4K Ultra HD Live channels. In order to meet end user demand for OTT services fair usage policy is expected to be cancelled and broadband connectivity which is around 5 Mbps in average should be improved. On the other hand, 4K Ultra HD sets are deploying in massive numbers since a few years even if there is not much 4K services available.
- Satellite is definetely an important medium. In Turksat satellite there are more than 500 FTA channels and satellite reception is very common. Digiturk, D-Smart, Tivibu and Filbox are DTH operators those number of customers is covering a big portion of Pay-TV market.
– Overall, how big would you say the Turkish market is?
Turkish market is one of biggest TV market that has a significant growth potential. Turkey has a very young and dynamic population and Turkish economy seems stable and robust in most fundemental terms although Turkish Lira is performing poor against US Dollar. Pay-TV market penetration is still around 25 percent that is much less than the European coutries. IPTV service of Turkcell (Turkcell TV+) and DTH service of TT group (Tivibu) is growing fast in the past quarters in terms of net adds. There is a strong competition in the market in terms of producing appealing content and advanced technologies like 4K Ultra HD resolution, cloud-timeshift and integration of OTT services.
– What growth do you expect to see in the market in the coming months and years?
- In the pay-TV space, I think Turkcell will be investing both in OTT domain and a big TV screen domain to increase the customer base and to address untapped markets. TT group on the other hand is also playing hard to monetize the digital rights of Champion League games that is still valid till the end of 2018 season. Regarding Digiturk, following the acquisition and the ownership issue is clarified now Digiturk is going through a transformation process including rebranding of the channels as well.The other players are more or less static in the past years so I’m not expecting much move.
- On the broadcasting side, there are a few major FTA broadcasters with nice rating figures and they are making good money thanks to the advertisement. The market size will be dependent to the ad revenue and in general other digital mediums are receiving interest that could lead to decrease in TV ad revenue. Hence, they are looking alternative ways like second screens apps in order to achieve targeted, personilized ads.
Turk Telekom Group announced 2016 year end financial results. You can see them at this link. Regarding the interest of this blog, let’s have a look to the Tivibu figures.
According to the regulatory body’s official figures, as of Q3 of 2016, Tivibu has a total of 589K subscribers. (428K IPTV customers and 161K DTH customers. )
TT announced a total of 677 subscribers at the end of Q4 2016. We don’t have yet the split of this number but most probably the majority of the net additions comes from satellite domain.
Tivibu customer base was kind of stucked before the launch of satelllite service at the Q3 of 2015. Since then Tivibu gained a momentum and has reached more than 2 million subs including the OTT customers. DTH service allowed TT to provide the DTH service to any household with a satellite dish. Satellite is the most common delivery method of Digital TV services in Turkey.
You may already know my dear friend Özgur Coşar. He is the owner of the website http://tvtechtr.blogspot.com.tr where he writes on a variety of topics on Turkish TV&Radio market. I strongly recommend you to have an eye on his website. Past week he’d asked me to make an e-interview and came up with a number of questions. Following that I wrote down my personal view in return and Ozgur then published it in his blog. Herebelow you can find the copy of the interview:
It is my pleasure to introduce you Mr. Uygar BOYNUDELİK. He is a friend of mine who is working in the media business in Turkey.
1. Dear Mr. Boynudelik, let me start with a classical question. Can you please introduce yourself for my readers.
Dear Özgür, let me first start by thanking you for regularly writing blog posts and being so sincere and transparent and open-hearted as opposed to the general positioning in the industry. Frankly, I’m a fan of yours, truly 🙂 Anyway, I can simply call myself an engineer who is quite interested in TV technologies. I’m really enjoying reading, writing, researching about it. This is what I do for a living (I’m in charge of STB product management in Turkcell) and also my beloved hobby. I keep writing on www.uygarboynudelik.com
in Turkish and on www.turkishtvmarket.info
in English since many years. I encourage your readers to have a look my web sites, at the end we’re living in a small industry 🙂
2. When we look at the pay TV business in Europe we see that majority of the population is subscribed to one of the offers. However, in Turkey, payTV has just 35 % market share. According to you what is the main difference between the markets?
Let’s me first start with a quick summary of the Pay-TV market in Turkey. Based on the latest report by BTK (regulatory body in Turkey) the Pay-TV subscribers are categorized as follows:
- Digiturk: 2,79 mio
- D-Smart: 931K
- Filbox: 29K
- Tivibu uydu: 116K
- TTNet: 350K
- Turkcell TV+: 268K
In total, the number of Pay-TV subs are 5,6 million. Actually there are households with more than 1 subscription. Anyway for the sake of simplicity let’s consider there are around 20 million households, then market penetration is calculated as 28 percent. This is simply the ratio of households with Pay-TV subscription. There are certainly homes with OTT services only such as Netflix, Apple TV etc. Nevertheless, from my perspective the Pay-TV rollout should be calculated with this methodology. After this relatively long introduction, coming back to your question my short answer will be the main difference about the market maturity is simply the average income level of the population. If you compare income per capita in Western Europe to Turkey you’ll notice that income per capita is roughly four times bigger in Europe. I see the gap between average income level as the main reason. Secondly, the high level of piracy is another reason, it’s quite difficult to sell content in Turkey while there are tons of free-of-charge, good quality content on the internet. Thirdly, the negative experience people had with various operators are another barrier for the Pay-TV market to grow. People had suffered a lot due to long-lasting and tiring cancellation processes, miscalculated or miscommunicated surprising bills, not best-in-class customer care cycles etc. All these stuff somehow caused people to try to stay away from 24-hours commitment type of Pay-TV offers.
3. Cable, satellite & terrestrial are used nearly 30 % each for TV reception in Europe. As you well know, in Turkey, TV reception is mainly depended on satellite. What are the results of this situation?
That is a very good point Özgur. I think Turkey is kind of unique with this split. If you don’t mind I’d like to share first my two cents about the root-cause of this uniqueness, later on I’ll come back to the consequences. Historically terrestrial broadcasting has been a real mass in Turkey. The government failed to regulate the licenses and broadcasters with the political power or financial strength managed to build their own towers and broadcast their live TV channels. Considering cable space, this medium has been and still is under control of Turksat -a state-owned company- for many years and they’ve lacked to make the right level of investment to expand their footprint. Even today, cable service is only available on limited areas. On the other hand, satellite installation has been increasing constant since 15-20 years in Turkey. As the satellite dish installation coupled with ‘in China made’ cheap satellite receivers become more and more widely penetrated broadcasters started to invest to have free-to-air channels on Turksat satellite even with poor video quality. The main business model for the broadcasters was to have a free-to-air channel on air, to have the possibility to reach millions of people and try to get any possible level of rating and get the interest from advertisers. Alternatively there are a variety of tele-sales channels that are selling remarkably interesting stuff (things to increase sexual power, things supposedly heal your diseases etc.) and dating platforms. Also from time to time, we hear about lawsuits of the people who one way or another fooled by some of these channels. Today, there are almost 500 FTA channels in Turksat. I think this is not typical. Some of these channels are local, some of them are poor video quality. Coming back to the consequences, this disproportionate balance between the alternative mediums (terrestrial, satellite, cable, IP) resulted in almost to chance for Digital Terrestrial adaptation in the market which is already too much delayed. The content quality of the Live TV channels is significantly biased towards rating. The producers are focused on not producing content with high quality but content that could be appealing for the majority of the people thus bringing better ad revenue. The majority of the programs during daytime is either about matching man and woman willing to marry or Big brother type of programs with a lot of aggression. I think digital terrestrial television is dead at birth.
Many thanks for your answers & time.
2016 UEFA European Championshipis is coming in just 2 weeks. Nowaydays 4K Ultra HD broadcasting of the games is one of the hot discussions in the industry. TRT 4K which is the national broadcaster TRT’s channel in 4K resolution is actually Live since February 2015. (I had an article about it here.) TRT 4K declared that they will broadcast 8 games ( opening match, quarter finals, semi-finals, final game) in 4K resolution unencrypted. (Current xpdr: 12123 MHz, Symbol rate 15000 , H) Turkey National Team will also compete in Group D.
Well, who will have the opportunity the watch the game in 4K resolution? Simply the people with 4K TV set. Majority of the new generation 4K TV sets have embedded satellite receiver which will allow them to tune to TRT 4K transponder’s frequency and enjoy the details of the selected games. There will be probably Pay- TV operators who will start offering 4K Ultra HD Live TV and VOD titles during the rest of the year. As of today, there is no commercial 4K service in Turkey, yet.
A few weeks ago Turkcell announced the results for the year 2015. You can have a look to the presentation here.
It is possible to get key figures about Turkcell’s popular TV service Turkcell TV at pages 11 and 12 of the presentation.
Briefly, the service has reached to a total of 588K subs within almost 1,5 years.
Out of this 600K base, the number of IPTV homes are 224K. This has been achieved in 1,5 years which indicates around 40K net addition per quarter. If you look to the trend and check how quickly the number of subs is increasing it’s really impressive.
Having a look to the customer gain in TV market in the past year, Digiturk, D-Smart and Teledunya are all steady with not much changing number of customers. On the other hand, installed base of Tivibu and Turkcell TV+ are on the rise.
Actually, the rise on Tivibu side is due to the new satellite platform. IPTV domain of Tivibu is kind of stucked lately.
Turkcell Superonline has 900K fiber internet customers. Currrently, the ratio of households receiving triple-services is around 25 percent. It’s quite obvious that Turkcell’s main focus will be to increase this ratio over the coming years and eventually to provide tripleplays services to the complete base. Apperantly future is bright for Turkcell. Let’s keep monitoring the progress and how sustainable is this ramp-up.
Turk Telekom had announced 2015 results on the investor relations section of the website. The presentation could be downloaded here.
The most significant pages related to TV are as follows. Here is my two cents about this slides.
- Pay-TV penetration in Turkey is around 27%. This is far behind the Europe’s penetration rate of 61%. I think even though there is obviosly planty of space to grow, it is not happening that fast. Digiturk’s and D-Smart’s base is quite steady over the past few years as well as Cable. There is only growth on IPTV space.
- TT is aiming to leverage on Champions League and UEFA Europe League but it’s not happening that fast.
- It’s been more than 5 years since Tivibu has been launched. At the end of 2014 number of subs was less than 300K. Just in the second half of 2015, Tivibu gained 93K new customers in the second half of 2015, around one third of the installed base. This is really noticable, The main driving force was clearly the exclusive sports content.
- Considering the spectecular gwowth of Turkcell TV+, an interesting question is then when Turkcell TV+ will catch Tivibu?