In Turkey, there are a number of OTT services. Most of them are owned by Pay-TV operator while there are also a few independent OTT services. To name a few:
- Digiturk Play: Digiturk’s OTT service ( 60+ Live TV channels & hundreds of VOD titles ) Obviously Football League content is the main driver.
- Tivibu Go: Turk Telekom’s OTT service( 100+ Live TV channels & hundreds of VOD titles ) TT group’s main focus is growing the customer base through fixed broadband.
- Turkcell TV+: Turkcell’s OTT service ( 100+ Live TV channels & hundreds of VOD titles ) Turkcell group’s main focus is growing the customer base through mobile broadband thanks to the advanced LTE infrastucture.
- BluTV: D-Smart’s OTT service ( 27 Live TV channels & hundreds of VOD titles ) Dogan Group that owns the D-Smart also owns Kanal D FTA Channel. BluTV is trying to differentiate by the catchup TV content of Kanal D groupwithout ads (the content is in fact available on Kanal D website www,kanald.com.tr with ads) as they own the rights exclusively.
- KabloWebTV: KabloTV’s (formerly Teledunya) OTT service. While all the mentioned services are available to anybody ( i.e. all access) without an existing subscription to the associated service provider, KabloWebTV is only available to Kablo TV customers.
In addition to these operator backed up OTT services, there are also a number of independent OTT services. The most well-known of these is apparently Netflix. Other major OTT services are Filmbox Live (http://www.filmboxlive.com/tr), and Mubi (https://mubi.com)
There is a common point on all of these services. Their business model is based on subscription. They don’t show any ads.
In addition to these services, there was one free service called tvyo (http://www.tvyo.com/) based on ad-revenue. Dogus Media who owns a number of popular FTA Channels such as Star TV, NTV, NTV Spor and Kral TV was behind the service. Lately, Dogus Group has launch a new version of tvyo called as puhutv.(https://puhutv.com/) It’s currenly in beta stage. It’s basically a free of charge service hosting catch-up TV versions of popular TV series of Dogus Group Channels both new ones and old ones as well as old Turkish movies.
Overall puhutv is a new generation version of tvyo that is trying to leverage on Live TV content and generate a significant amount of traffic due to popular series it owns. Once the traffic arrives to a certain level then Dogus Group will generate revenue through ads. Considering the characteristics of Turkish TV audience (fan of 2 hours long TV series, a very high percantage of piracy, low income level etc. ) this ad-based business model seems to have to most possible chance to monetize in OTT domain. Apart from the OTT services of Pay-TV operators , there is no independent OTT provider including Netflix that has been very successfull in Turkish TV Market. We’ll see if the model of puhutv will work.